Millet Grain. Pitimi or Petit Mil is all the same. Pitimi is the Haitian Creole translation. Petit Mil is the French translation, and Millet is the English translation.
What is Millet Grain
Millet Grain is a versatile grain similar to Quinoa. It is used in many forms and is widely consumed throughout Africa, Asia, and many parts of the Caribbean. This particular grain is or has been making some healthy noise within the food industry.
Millets are small-seeded grasses that are commonly planted as grains across the world. They are also considered cereal crops and can be dark brown, green, white, yellow, or red.
How many types of millet there is?
This type of grain is round and tiny in size. It has gained popularity because it’s gluten-free and contains high amounts of fiber, protein, and many antioxidants.
These days you will find many varieties of millet. So far, we know of 10 different types of millet grains:
- Pearl Millet (most common type)
- Foxtail Millet
- Sorghum Millet
- Buckwheat NIlliet
- Amaranth Millet
- Kodo Millet
- Little Millet
- Finger Millet
- Banyard Millet
Each type is different in color, slightly different in shape, and is nutritionally better than rice and wheat.
How does Millet Grains taste
Millet Grains have a mild nutty flavor. They can be crunchy or soft depending on how they are cooked. Millet is used in both cooking and baking and is ideal for breakfast, lunch, and dinner.
What are the benefits of Millet Grains
Millet Grains are rich in B vitamins, iron, zinc, calcium, potassium, and magnesium. They are gluten-free and ideal for people with wheat allergies.
It is said that Millet grains may help in several ailments.
- Heart Health: may helps in lowering the level of bad cholesterol and lower the level of fat in your body.
- Blood Sugar Levels: may help controlling blood sugar levels because of slow digestion process in the body.
- Weight Loss: may help lose weight as it is healhtier than rice, rich in amino acid and makes you feel full very quickly.
- Improves Digestion: helps improve digestion because it is rich in fibre. It also helps with bloating, cramps, excess gas, and constipation.
- Menstrual Cramps: Contains magnesium which can help releive menstrual cramps.
Although Millet Grains help detoxify the body, consuming too much millet can impair thyroid function and high in Phytic Acid.
My personal experience
As this is a staple food in Haiti, you may not find it in every household because it was considered or may even still be considered food for the poor and food for animals. (I left Haiti so long ago that I cannot recall – but if anyone wants to share more info, please feel free).
Although it was considered an inferior oat during slavery, this grain has come a long way in providing the nutrient necessary to healthy living.
It is ironic to learn that as much as we value certain foods, they were also thought to be for the poor and slaves. No wonder they used to have more energy and were well fit. I guess we have learned throughout the years that there are no grains, no foods beneath any human being. It is all about staying fit and healthy.
By the way, Millet may or may not take a long time to cook. Every brand has a different cooking time. Make sure you read the instructions on the packaging before making your purchase.
Millet Recipe Ideas:
- LE MI O LET (MILLET WITH MILK)
- MILLET WITH RED KIDNEY BEANS (PITIMI AK POIS ROUGE)
- PUFFED MILLET BARS, RECIPE AND PRODUCT REVIEW
Originally published November 19, 2014. Revised and updated to add additional information about Millet.